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“Sacred land” produces “Extraordinary people”
Author: Translator: Bich Thuy .Posted date: 19/01/2015 .Views: 1404 lượt. [Print]
From the time of Nguyen Lord, Dien Ban has contributed many candidates for country.

Under the Thế Tong Nguyen Phuc Khoat Dynasty, Phạm Hữu Kính, who had mettle from childhood, widely researched on classics and history. He was born in Diên Phước district. He had passed the “Chính đồ” exam in Phu Xuan. He had been inducted to teach, then he managed Nha Trang prefect. He was a judge connoisseur so he detected many frauds, found out hidden things. He was respected by officers and people. When he died, he was been posthumously promoted the Deliberate position.

Trương Công Hy (Thanh Quýt – Điện Thắng) was born in 1727 and died in 1800. Under Lord Nguyễn, he had passed the exam "Hương Cống"  and joined movement Tây Sơn - Thái Đức Dynasty, then worked as Điện Bàn county chief. Under Quang Trung dynasty and Canh Thinh dynasty, he worked as Prime-minister of Justice "Thượng thư bộ binh" and king’s special envoy in Quảng Nam estate. The tomb of Trương Công Hy was been embellished at Dien Thang commune, in which has couplets: Chánh tính vạn niên thùy vũ trụ; Nhân ân thiên tứ di tôn chỉ.

Under Nguyễn Dynasty, Many Điện Ban people doing mandarin had left their marks in history, two of them were Phạm Phú Thứ and Hoàng Diệu.

Phạm Phú Thứ (1820-1883) was born in Đông Bàn commune (Điện Trung commune today). He had held positions as "Thượng thư bộ hộ" and "Thương chính đại thần". In 1858, French people fired the first cannon to capture Đà Nẵng. He fought the enemy and defended the country.

He had an expecting to reform the country. After the trip to France, he also expressed his feelings about Western civilization, and persuaded the king to strongly innovate to keep pace with the modern countries of the world. However, his suggestions was not done by king Tự Đức. Phạm Phú Thứ was a man of virtue and talent, he was deeply attached to country and people. However,  his dream about "fighting against aggressors - repaying for the king's favour" hadn't been done because of the situation at that time.

Hoang Dieu (1829-1882) was born in Quang Nam.  His life and career was written very much in history. When French troops advanced in Hà Nội, General Hoàng Diệu was assigned to protect the citadel. On April 25th of 1882, Hoang Dieu commanded his army to fight brave but due to the strong forces of the enemy, the citadel was defeated. After he had drafted a report submitted to King Tu Duc,  he decided to die while safeguarding the Hanoi Citadel against French attact.

Nguyễn Thành Ý(1820-1897) was born in Túy La village and lived in Bất Nhị village (Điện Phước commune). Under the Nguyễn Dynasty, King Tự Đức allocated many important responsibilities for him although he had not won high results in the examinations. One of important responsibilities was consul for king at Sai Gon for a time. He was a dedicated person and he cared about country day and night. Further more, he had a talented diplomacy and he was clever at communication to protect national system.    

Under Tự Đức King, Hoàng Giáp Phạm Như Xương was a Provincial education officer. When French troops advanced to Việt Nam, Phạm Như Xương joined Cần Phương movement to against the France. Then he gave up his life. According to some historical documents, Huế court had removed the name of Phạm Như Xương from the PhD statue.

Tran Quy Cap (1870 - 1908)  was born and grew up in a poor family of Thai La hamlet, Bat Nhi village. Tran Quy Cap was one of the three initiators of  Duy Tan movement. The French pleaded his important role of cheering the anti-taxation movement in 1908, they took  him out for execution (horizontal cut at the back) on the sandbank of  Song Can, Dien Khanh, Khanh Hoa province, when he was just 37 years old. Recenting this event, Phan Sào Nam (Phan Bội Châu) wrote:  “What was offence making you die? Only the offence is that you lose your country!” in a funeral oration “Thai xuyên Trần Quý Cáp”.

Phan Thúc Duyện (1873-1944) from Phong Thử (Điện Thọ) also joined the Duy Tân movement. He organized and operated Phong Thử commercial market near Bàu Lớn River of Phong Thử village. The French wasn't content with the activity follow the Duy Tân trend of Phan Thúc Duyện. As a result, they exiled him to Côn Đảo because of offence “conspire yet to be done”.

Mai Dị (1880-1928) was also a Duy Tân revolutionary. He taught in Ngĩa thục Diên Phong. In 1908, he was imprisoned in the Hội An prison.

The movement succeeded the movement in Quang Nam land. After Duy Tân movement and the anti-taxation movement had been repressed barbarously, the movement against the domination of the French colony was happened in 1916. King Duy Tân also joined this movement.

If Trần Quý Cáp, Phan Thúc Duyện, Mai Di were real revolutionaries of Duy Tân movement, Trần Cao Vân, Lê Đình Dương, Phan Thành Tài (only Quang Nam in particular) were the elite figures of Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội organization (association of Vietnam restoration)  in the uprising campaign in 1916.


The movement with meticulous arrangement failed because of being discovered. The French colonialism repressed them cruelly.  Together with Thai Phien, Trần Cao Vân (1866-1916), one of the leaders in the uprising against the French in Central, was hacked in An Hoà - Huế on May 17th 1916.  Before the execution,  Trần Cao Vân had made a verse as follows:

  “Trời chung không đội với thù Tây

  Quyết trả ơn vua nợ nước này

  Một mối ba giềng xin nguyện giữ

  Thân dù thác xuống rạng đài mây…”

In the uprising campaign in 1916, together with Ông Văng Long and Đỗ Tự, Phan Thành Tài (1878-1916) used repared force and associated with Đà Nẵng so as to retake Đà Nẵng.

When the enemy repressed the uprising, Phan Thành Tài escaped and came to the Hiên-Giằng base. Soon after this, the French catched and brought him back Vĩnh Điện. When the boat came to Cồn Rùa about a half kilometer to Bến Đường, his wife Bùi Thị Hậu crossed his path. He had made careful recommendations to her about the family and gave her a poem as a pithy will word. Today many people had known it by heart.

“Con còn bụng mẹ, cha đà mất

Con bước vào đời nước đã suy

Thù nhà, nhục nước con nên biết

Chẳng đội trời chung, chữ ấy ghi”

On June 9st of 1916, he was executed in Vĩnh Điện in limitness regret of people and comrade.

Lê Đình Dương (1893-1919) – physician Đông Dương,  full brother of doctor Lê Đình Thám. He  was a pioneer in joining Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội organization with the core position. In the process of reparing uprising, he was elected Military governor if the uprising would success at the second congress of Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội organization (3/1916). He was commissioned to command force to attack French in Hội An. However, the uprising failed. Lê Đình Dương fall into enemy hands. He was sent into exiles in Khánh Hòa and Buôn Mê Thuột. He fall ill because of cruel prison and died by his own hand in 1919 when he was 26 yearsold.



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